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Darpan News Analysis , 26 Nov 2018

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Items at a glance

GENERAL STUDIES II

  • Right To Information Act.
  • Double Taxation Agreement.

GENERAL STUDIES III

  • E-Pashuhaat Portal.
  • Paisa Portal.

FACTS FOR PRELIMS

  • Constitution Day.
  • Nicobar Megapode.

 

GENERAL STUDIES II

 Topic

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

 RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT

 News

  • Government brought most public authorities under RTI act.

 Major highlights

  • Nearly 2000 public authorities come under the Right to Information Act. Ministry of Sate for Department of Personnel and Training (DOP&T).
  • The DOP&T is the nodal department for the RTI and Central Information Commission.
  • Ministry also quoted that he filing of RTI applications has been made more convenient with the use of latest technology.
  • Central Information Commission has also launched its upgraded version of RTI filing mobile application in Hindi, as a result of which any citizen can file an RTI from his mobile phone, at any time of the day or night, and from anywhere.
  • The disposal time of the RTI application received in the Central Information Commission has been drastically reduced; the pendency also has come down.

QUICK RECAP

Right to Information Act

  • The Right to Information Act, simply known as RTI, is a revolutionary Act that aims to promote transparency in government institutions in India.
  • The Act came into existence in 2005, after sustained efforts of anti-corruption activists.
  • It is termed revolutionary because it opens government organisations up for scrutiny.
  • Equipped with knowledge about RTI, a common man can demand any government agency to furnish information.
  • The organisation is bound to provide the information, that too within 30 days, failing which the officer concerned is slapped with a monetary fine.
  • Government departments that are exempted from RTI act:
    • Twenty-odd organisations are exempted from RTI.
    • But all these entities are related to the country’s defence and intelligence, such as RAW, BSF, CRPF, CISF, Intelligence Bureau, National Security Guard etc.
  • Does RTI act is same for all States across the country:
    • The central government has come up with RTI act which is applicable in all states except Jammu and Kashmir which has its own act very similar to central act.

Recent news

 

Topic

  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

  DOUBLE TAXATION AGREEMENT

News

  • India China amends Double taxation agreement.

Major highlights

  • The Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the People’s Republic of China have amended the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement .
  • Amendment is made for the avoidance of double taxation and for the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income.
  • Besides other changes, the Protocol updates the existing provisions for exchange of information to the latest international standards.
  • Further, the Protocol incorporates changes required to implement treaty related minimum standards under the Action reports of Base Erosion & Profit shifting (BEPS) Project.

QUICK RECAP

Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement

  • A DTAA is a tax treaty signed between two or more countries.
  • Its key objective is that tax-payers in these countries can avoid being taxed twice for the same income.
  • A DTAA applies in cases where a tax-payer resides in one country and earns income in another.
  • It can either be comprehensive to cover all sources of income or be limited to certain areas such as taxing of income from shipping, air transport, inheritance, etc.
  • India has DTAAs with more than eighty countries, of which comprehensive agreements include those with Australia, Canada, Germany, Mauritius, Singapore, UAE, the UK and US.
  • Why is it important?
    • DTAAs are intended to make a country an attractive investment destination by providing relief on dual taxation.
    • Such relief is provided by exempting income earned abroad from tax in the resident country or providing credit to the extent taxes have already been paid abroad.
    • DTAAs also provide for concessional rates of tax in some cases.
    • DTAAs can also become an incentive for even legitimate investors to route investments through low-tax regimes to sidestep taxation. This leads to loss of tax revenue for the country.

Recent news

  

GENERAL STUDIES III

 Topic

  • Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

 E-PASHUHAAT PORTAL

News

  • E-Pashuhaat portal has been playing a crucial role in connecting farmers & breeders to trade in disease-free germplasm.

E- Pashuhaat Portal

  • E- Pashu Haat is a web portal launched by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India under the Department of Animal Husbandry.
  • The portal is aimed to boost dairy productivity in India by organizing the livestock market.
  • Portal allows famers and entrepreneurs find information about bovine animals, buy or sell livestock, frozen semen and embryos.
  • It also helps them to check information on feed and fodder and manage the transportation of animals once a purchase is made.
  • A multi-channel communication system, via, video, email, SMS, audio, and chat is available to let interested stakeholders including buyers and sellers communicate.
  • Aims and objectives:
    • E-trading portal for livestock germplasm and additional related services.
    • Will connect farmers with breeders – Central, State, Cooperative and private agencies.
    • Real time authentic certified information on availability of germplasm.
    • Centralized repository of information for Central and State governments.
  • Major outcomes:
    • Propagation of quality controlled germplasm.
    • Availability of disease free germplasm with known genetic merit.
    • Price evaluation available to buyer.
    • One stop portal for bovine breeders.
    • No involvement of middlemen in sale and purchase of animals.
    • Sale only of tagged animal with animal wellness card.
    • Propagation of indigenous bovine breeds in the country.
    • Increase in milk production and productivity.

Recent news

 

Topic

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

 PAISA PORTAL

News

  • PAISA portal has been launched.

PAISA Portal

  • A centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans to beneficiaries under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) named “PAiSA – Portal for Affordable Credit and Interest Subvention Access”, was launched.
  • The web platform has been designed and developed by Allahabad Bank which is the Nodal bank.
  • PAiSA is yet another effort by the government to connect directly with the beneficiaries, ensuring that there is greater transparency and efficiency in delivery of services.
  • Direct Benefit Transfer of subvention on monthly basis under DAY-NULM will give the necessary financial support to small entrepreneurs in a timely manner.
  • All 35 states and Union Territories and all scheduled commercial banks, Regional Rural Banks (RRB) and cooperative banks are expected to be on board the PAiSA portal.
  • The portal was launched during the course of a day-long National Workshop on Municipal Finance and Urban Planning organised by the ministry.

 Recent news

 

 FACTS FOR PRELIMS

 CONSTITUTION DAY

About

  • Constitution Day (National Law Day), also known as Samvidhan Divas, is celebrated in India on 26 November every year to commemorate the adoption of Constitution of India.
  • On 26 November 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India.
  • Previously this day was celebrated as Law Day.
  • 26 November was chosen to spread the importance of the constitution and to spread thoughts and ideas of Ambedkar.

Recent news

 

HANTAVIRUSES

About

  • Hantavirus was first identified in 1993 can cause severe and sometimes fatal respiratory infections and are known to infect lung cells.
  • Though relatively rare, infections caused by them are expected to increase in the coming decades as temperatures across the globe rise due to climate change.
  • Hantavirus is transmitted to humans who inhale the virus from the urine, faeces, or saliva of infected rodents.
  • Early HPS symptoms include fatigue, fever and muscle aches, followed after a week or so by coughing and shortness of breath.
  • No treatments or vaccines are available for Hantavirus infections.

Recent news

 

NICOBAR MEGAPODE

About

  • The Nicobar megapode or Nicobar scrubfowl is a megapode found in some of the Nicobar islands.
  • Like other megapode relatives, Nicobar Megapode builds nest on the ground.
  • IUCN Status:
  • The species is found only in the Nicobar islands.

Recent news

 

 

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