Items at a glance
- Right To Information Act.
- Double Taxation Agreement.
GENERAL STUDIES III
- E-Pashuhaat Portal.
- Paisa Portal.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
- Constitution Day.
- Nicobar Megapode.
GENERAL STUDIES II
- Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
- Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT
- Government brought most public authorities under RTI act.
- Nearly 2000 public authorities come under the Right to Information Act. Ministry of Sate for Department of Personnel and Training (DOP&T).
- The DOP&T is the nodal department for the RTI and Central Information Commission.
- Ministry also quoted that he filing of RTI applications has been made more convenient with the use of latest technology.
- Central Information Commission has also launched its upgraded version of RTI filing mobile application in Hindi, as a result of which any citizen can file an RTI from his mobile phone, at any time of the day or night, and from anywhere.
- The disposal time of the RTI application received in the Central Information Commission has been drastically reduced; the pendency also has come down.
Right to Information Act
- The Right to Information Act, simply known as RTI, is a revolutionary Act that aims to promote transparency in government institutions in India.
- The Act came into existence in 2005, after sustained efforts of anti-corruption activists.
- It is termed revolutionary because it opens government organisations up for scrutiny.
- Equipped with knowledge about RTI, a common man can demand any government agency to furnish information.
- The organisation is bound to provide the information, that too within 30 days, failing which the officer concerned is slapped with a monetary fine.
- Government departments that are exempted from RTI act:
- Twenty-odd organisations are exempted from RTI.
- But all these entities are related to the country’s defence and intelligence, such as RAW, BSF, CRPF, CISF, Intelligence Bureau, National Security Guard etc.
- Does RTI act is same for all States across the country:
- The central government has come up with RTI act which is applicable in all states except Jammu and Kashmir which has its own act very similar to central act.
- Government Brought Most Public Authorities Under RTI Act.
- Link: http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1553786
- India and its neighborhood- relations.
- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
DOUBLE TAXATION AGREEMENT
- India China amends Double taxation agreement.
- The Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the People’s Republic of China have amended the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement .
- Amendment is made for the avoidance of double taxation and for the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income.
- Besides other changes, the Protocol updates the existing provisions for exchange of information to the latest international standards.
- Further, the Protocol incorporates changes required to implement treaty related minimum standards under the Action reports of Base Erosion & Profit shifting (BEPS) Project.
Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement
- A DTAA is a tax treaty signed between two or more countries.
- Its key objective is that tax-payers in these countries can avoid being taxed twice for the same income.
- A DTAA applies in cases where a tax-payer resides in one country and earns income in another.
- It can either be comprehensive to cover all sources of income or be limited to certain areas such as taxing of income from shipping, air transport, inheritance, etc.
- India has DTAAs with more than eighty countries, of which comprehensive agreements include those with Australia, Canada, Germany, Mauritius, Singapore, UAE, the UK and US.
- Why is it important?
- DTAAs are intended to make a country an attractive investment destination by providing relief on dual taxation.
- Such relief is provided by exempting income earned abroad from tax in the resident country or providing credit to the extent taxes have already been paid abroad.
- DTAAs also provide for concessional rates of tax in some cases.
- DTAAs can also become an incentive for even legitimate investors to route investments through low-tax regimes to sidestep taxation. This leads to loss of tax revenue for the country.
- India- China amends double taxation avoidance treaty.
- Link: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/india-china-amends-double-taxation-avoidance-treaty/articleshow/66811070.cms
GENERAL STUDIES III
- Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
- E-Pashuhaat portal has been playing a crucial role in connecting farmers & breeders to trade in disease-free germplasm.
E- Pashuhaat Portal
- E- Pashu Haat is a web portal launched by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India under the Department of Animal Husbandry.
- The portal is aimed to boost dairy productivity in India by organizing the livestock market.
- Portal allows famers and entrepreneurs find information about bovine animals, buy or sell livestock, frozen semen and embryos.
- It also helps them to check information on feed and fodder and manage the transportation of animals once a purchase is made.
- A multi-channel communication system, via, video, email, SMS, audio, and chat is available to let interested stakeholders including buyers and sellers communicate.
- Aims and objectives:
- E-trading portal for livestock germplasm and additional related services.
- Will connect farmers with breeders – Central, State, Cooperative and private agencies.
- Real time authentic certified information on availability of germplasm.
- Centralized repository of information for Central and State governments.
- Major outcomes:
- Propagation of quality controlled germplasm.
- Availability of disease free germplasm with known genetic merit.
- Price evaluation available to buyer.
- One stop portal for bovine breeders.
- No involvement of middlemen in sale and purchase of animals.
- Sale only of tagged animal with animal wellness card.
- Propagation of indigenous bovine breeds in the country.
- Increase in milk production and productivity.
- Embryo transfer technology is extremely effective for increasing production and breed improvement.
- Link: http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1553894
- Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
- Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
- PAISA portal has been launched.
- A centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans to beneficiaries under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) named “PAiSA – Portal for Affordable Credit and Interest Subvention Access”, was launched.
- The web platform has been designed and developed by Allahabad Bank which is the Nodal bank.
- PAiSA is yet another effort by the government to connect directly with the beneficiaries, ensuring that there is greater transparency and efficiency in delivery of services.
- Direct Benefit Transfer of subvention on monthly basis under DAY-NULM will give the necessary financial support to small entrepreneurs in a timely manner.
- All 35 states and Union Territories and all scheduled commercial banks, Regional Rural Banks (RRB) and cooperative banks are expected to be on board the PAiSA portal.
- The portal was launched during the course of a day-long National Workshop on Municipal Finance and Urban Planning organised by the ministry.
- Paisa – Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access”, Launched Under Day-NULM.
- Link: http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1553900
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
- Constitution Day (National Law Day), also known as Samvidhan Divas, is celebrated in India on 26 November every year to commemorate the adoption of Constitution of India.
- On 26 November 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India.
- Previously this day was celebrated as Law Day.
- 26 November was chosen to spread the importance of the constitution and to spread thoughts and ideas of Ambedkar.
- President of India Inaugurates Constitution day Celebrations.
- Link: http://pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1553845
- Hantavirus was first identified in 1993 can cause severe and sometimes fatal respiratory infections and are known to infect lung cells.
- Though relatively rare, infections caused by them are expected to increase in the coming decades as temperatures across the globe rise due to climate change.
- Hantavirus is transmitted to humans who inhale the virus from the urine, faeces, or saliva of infected rodents.
- Early HPS symptoms include fatigue, fever and muscle aches, followed after a week or so by coughing and shortness of breath.
- No treatments or vaccines are available for Hantavirus infections.
- Demystifying Science: What are Hantaviruses?
- Link: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/demystifying-science-what-are-hantaviruses/article25588004.ece
- The Nicobar megapode or Nicobar scrubfowl is a megapode found in some of the Nicobar islands.
- Like other megapode relatives, Nicobar Megapode builds nest on the ground.
- IUCN Status:
- The species is found only in the Nicobar islands.
- Andaman & Nicobar Islands: home to a tenth of India’s fauna species.
- Link: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/andaman-nicobar-islands-home-to-a-tenth-of-indias-fauna-species/article25592134.ece