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Darpan News Analysis , 23 Nov 2018

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Items at a glance

GENERAL STUDIES II

  • Kartarpur Corridor.

GENERAL STUDIES III

  • Cloud Seeding In India
  • Chandrayan -2: Lunar Lander Sensors To Undergo Crucial Test.
  • Atal Innovation Mission.

FACTS FOR PRELIMS

  • Sentinelese Tribe.
  • Ortolan Bunting.

 

GENERAL STUDIES II

 Topic

  • India and its neighborhood- relations.

 KARTARPUR CORRIDOR

News

  • India Pak commit to Kartarpur corridor.

Kartarpur Corridor

  • Kartarpur Corridor is a proposed border-corridor between India and Pakistan connecting the holy shrine of Dera Baba Nanak Sahib to the holy shrine of Kartarpur Sahib (also referred to as Kartarpur Gurdwara) states of Punjab in India and Pakistan.
  • The main goal of this proposed corridor is to facilitate the crossing of religious devotees to visit the Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur, located in Narowal District, Pakistan, 120 km from Lahore but only three kilometres from the Indian side of the border.
  • The corridor, once built, will give Indian pilgrims an easy access to the shrine in Kartarpur.
  • The gurdwara in Kartarpur is located on the bank of river Ravi in Pakistan.
  • A bridge will need to be constructed over the Ravi and there shall be no need for passports or visas.
  • India had first proposed the Kartarpur Sahib corridor in 1999 when the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee took a bus ride to Lahore.

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GENERAL STUDIES III

 Topic

  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.

 CLOUD SEEDING IN INDIA

News

  • Nod for Cloud seeding to clear Delhi air.

Major highlights

  • Officials in the Environment Ministry have approved a project led by scientists at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur to induce artificial rain via cloud seeding to clear smog in Delhi.
  • However, the success of the endeavour depends on the presence of a minimum quantity of rain-bearing clouds.
  • The project will have an aircraft fly into the clouds and inject silver iodide.
  • It will further lead to the formation of ice crystals that will make the clouds denser, cause them to condense into rain and settle atmospheric dust enough to clear the sky.
  • While cloud seeding is not new to India, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra have experimented with it in limited trials through the decades to address droughts.
  • This is the first time it will be tried during the winters, when there are barely enough monsoon clouds on the horizon.
  • China has been using cloud seeding to create rains for many years. The US, Israel, South Africa and Germany have also used the technology.

QUICK RECAP

Cloud Seeding

  • Cloud seeding is the process of combining different kinds of chemical agents, including silver iodide, dry ice and even common table salt, with existing clouds in an effort to thicken them and increase the chance of rainfall.
  • The process also involves changing the amount and type of precipitation that falls from clouds by dispersing substances (mostly salts) into the air.
  • The dispersion is done from aircraft.

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Topic

  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

 CHANDRAYAN -2 : LUNAR LANDER SENSORS TO UNDERGO CRUCIAL TEST

News

  • Chandrayaan 2’s landing sensors to be tested at artificial site at Challakere.

Major highlights

  • The Chandrayaan-2 lunar lander’s sensors are set to undergo a crucial test as the mission races towards a planned take-off in around two months.
  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) plans to fly the sensors on an aircraft over its artificial lunar site at Challakere.
  • It will see how they will function and guide the Chandrayaan-2 landing craft when it starts descending on the lunar terrain.
  • The test on ground, called the Lander Sensor Performance Test or LSPT, will be conducted at ISRO’s new R&D campus in Chitradurga district.

QUICK RECAP

Chandrayaan 2 Mission

  • Chandrayaan 2, India’s second mission to the moon is a totally indigenous mission comprising of an Orbiter, Lander, and Rover.
  • After reaching the 100 Km lunar orbit, the lander housing the Rover will separate from the Orbiter.
  • After a controlled descent, the lander will soft land on the lunar surface at a specified site and deploy a rover.
  • The Chandrayaan 2 weighing around 3290 kg and would orbit around the moon and perform objectives of remote sensing the moon.
  • The payloads will collect scientific information on lunar topography, minerology, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere and signature of hydroxyl and water ice.

 Recent news

 

Topic

  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

 ATAL INNOVATION MISSION

News

  • MOU was signed between Atal Innovation Mission and Fund “Talent and Success” Russia.

 Major highlights

  • The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has been apprised of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Atal Innovation Mission, India and Fund “Talent and Success”.
  • MoU was aimed at promotion of science & technology, strong foundation to the collaborative work through exchange of students, teachers, researchers and scientists between both countries.
  • Important benefits:
    • The MoU will facilitate promotion of science & technology, strong foundation to the collaborative work through exchange of students, teachers, researchers and scientists between India and Russia.
  • Major impact:
    • MOU will provide a mechanism in taking part in establishing relationships with-schools, universities, cultural institutions, science & technology and specialized education institutions, high-tech companies, start-ups and innovation centers in both countries.
    • The activities are expected to promote creation of new scientific knowledge, generation of intellectual property, innovations and products development in both countries.

QUICK RECAP

Atal Innovation Mission

  • The Atal Innovation mission is Government of India’s flagship initiative to promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship in the country.
  • It was set up by the Niti Ayog after a detailed study and deliberations on innovation and entrepreneurial needs of country in the years to come.
  • AIM is mandated to create an umbrella structure and would play an instrumental role in alignment of innovation policies between central, state and sectoral innovation schemes incentivizing the establishment and promotion of an ecosystem of innovation and entrepreneurship at various levels.

Atal Innovation Mission has two core functions 

  • Entrepreneurship promotion: Through self-employment and talent utilization, wherein innovators would be supported and mentored to become successful entrepreneurs.
  • Innovation promotion: To provide a platform where innovative ideas are generated.

 To promote innovation, the innovation promotion programme has two sub components:

  • Atal Tinkering labs: To promote creative, innovative mind-set in schools.
  • Atal Incubators : Promoting entrepreneurship in universities and industries.

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FACTS FOR PRELIMS

 SENTINELESE TRIBE

About

  • The Sentinelese, also known as the Sentineli and the North Sentinel Islanders, are an indigenous people who inhabit North Sentinel Island in the Bay of Bengal in India.
  • As North Sentinel Island is part of the Andaman Islands, the Sentinelese are considered to be one of the Andamanese peoples.
  • Unlike other tribes in the Andamanese Islands, the Sentinelese appear to have consistently refused any interaction with the outside world.
  • As an isolated group, they likely lack genetic immunity to common viruses, such as influenza and measles.
  • Andaman is home to five “particularly vulnerable tribes”. They are Jarawas, North Sentinelese, Great Andamanese, Onge and Shompen.

Recent news

 

ORTOLAN BUNTING

About

  • The Ortolan or Ortolan bunting is a bird in the bunting family.
  • IUCN Status: Least Concern.
  • The bird is a native of most of European countries and western Asia.
  • Recently it has been spotted at Kenjar Coastal Karnataka.

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