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Darpan News Analysis, 14 Nov 2018

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Items at a glance

GENERAL STUDIES I

  • Cyclonic Storm Gaja.

GENERAL STUDIES II

  • MAA Programme.

GENERAL STUDIES III

  • Yuva Sahakar- Cooperative Enterprise Support And Innovation Scheme.
  • Bhoomi Rashi Portal.
  • National Green Tribunal.
  • Dharma Guardian 2018.

FACTS FOR PRELIMS

  • India International Trade Fair.
  • Young Champions Award.
  • Sea Vigil Exercise.

 

GENERAL STUDIES I

Topic

  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

CYCLONIC STORM GAJA

News

  • Cyclonic storm ‘GAJA’ to intensify into a severe cyclonic storm in next 12 hours.

Major highlights

  • The Cyclonic storm ‘GAJA’ over Southwest and adjoining southeast & west central Bay of Bengal moved west-south-westwards with a speed of 10 kmph during past 06 hours.
  • It is very likely to move west-south-westwards and intensify further into a Severe Cyclonic Storm during next 12 hours.
  • Areas likely to be affected: Tamil Nadu & Puducherry, South Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Kerala.

QUICK RECAP

  • The tradition of naming Cyclones
    • Cyclones were usually not named. The tradition started with hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean, where tropical storms that reach sustained wind speeds of 39 miles per hour were given names.
    • If the storm’s wind speed reaches or crosses 74 mph, it is then classified into a hurricane/cyclone/typhoon.
    • Tropical storms are given names and they retain the name if they develop into a cyclone/hurricane/typhoon.
  • Nomenclature of tropical cyclones
    • The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) started the tropical cyclone naming system in 2000.
    • Tropical cyclones are named to provide ease of communication between forecasters and the general public regarding forecasts, watches, and warnings.
    • The Cyclones worldwide are named by 9 regions

      • North Atlantic, Eastern North Pacific, Central North Pacific, Western North Pacific, North Indian Ocean, South West Indian Ocean, Australian, Southern Pacific, South Atlantic.
    • Cyclones in the North Indian Ocean basin are named by the Indian Meteorological Department and the first tropical cyclone was named in 2004 as Onil (given by Bangladesh).
    • Eight north Indian Ocean countries: Bangladesh, India, the Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand, gave eight names each which was combined into a list of 64 names.
    • One name from each country is picked in an order to name the cyclones.

Recent news

 

GENERAL STUDIES II

Topic

  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

MAA PROGRAMME

News

  • 3rd meeting of National Council on India’s Nutritional Challenges held.

MAA programme (Mothers absolute affection programme)

  • Mothers absolute affection is a nationwide programme for promoting breastfeeding was launched by the Ministry of Health and family welfare.
  • It is an intensified programme of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, for creating an enabling environment to ensure that others, husbands and families receive adequate information and support for the promotion of breastfeeding.
  • The goal of the MAA Programme is to enhance optimal breastfeeding practices, which includes early initiation of breastfeeding within one hour of birth, exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months, and continued breastfeeding for at least two years, along with feeding of safe and appropriate nutritious food on completion of six months.
  • Key components
    • Communication for enhanced awareness and demand generation through mass media and mid-media.
    • Training and capacity enhancement of nurses at government institutions, and all ANMs and ASHAs.
    • Community engagement by ASHAs for breastfeeding promotion, who will conduct mothers’ meetings.
    • Monitoring and impact assessment is an integral part of MAA programme. Progress will be measured against key indicators.
    • Dedicated funds have been allocated to States/Union Territories (UTs) for the Programme.
    • The MAA programme will be monitored by UNICEF and Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child, and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) lead development partners.

Recent news

 

GENERAL STUDIES III

 Topic

  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

 

YUVA SAHAKAR- COOPERATIVE ENTERPRISE SUPPORT AND INNOVATION SCHEME

News

  • National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) has come up with a youth-friendly scheme ‘Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme.

Major highlights

  • To cater to the needs and aspirations of the youth, the National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) has come up with a youth-friendly scheme.
  • The ‘Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme” is intended for attracting them to cooperative business ventures.
  • The scheme will be linked to Rs 1000 crore ‘Cooperative Start-up and Innovation Fund (CSIF)’ created by the NCDC.
  • It would have more incentives for cooperatives of North Eastern region, Aspirational Districts and cooperatives with women or SC or ST or PwD members.
  • The funding for the project will be up to 80% of the project cost for these special categories as against 70% for others.
  • The scheme envisages 2% less than the applicable rate of interest on term loan for the project cost up to Rs 3 crore including 2 years moratorium on payment of principal.
  • All types of cooperatives in operation for at least one year are eligible.

QUICK RECAP

 National Cooperative Development Cooperation

  • The National Cooperative Development Cooperation is the sole statutory organisation functioning as an apex financial and developmental institution exclusively devoted to cooperate sector.
  • It supports cooperatives in diverse fields apart from the agriculture and allied sectors.
  • It is an ISO 9001: 2015 compliant organisation and has a distinctive edge of competitive financing.

Recent news

 

Topic

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc

 BHOOMI RASHI PORTAL

News

  • Bhoomi Rashi Portal has Changed the Process of Land Acquisition System in the Country.

Bhoomi Rashi Portal

  • Bhoomi Rashi, the portal developed by MoRTH and NIC, comprises the entire revenue data of the country, right down to 6.4 lakh villages.
  • The entire process flow, from submission of draft notification by the State Government to its approval by the. Minister of State for RT&H and publication in e-Gazette, is online.
  • The portal, created for expediting the process of publication of notifications for LA, is now being fully utilized for issuing the notifications, and more than 900 notifications have been issued using the portal so far.
  • Bhoomi Rashi portal has been instrumental in reducing the time taken for approval and publication of notifications pertaining to land acquisition.
  • Integration of Public Financial Management System (PFMS) with Bhoomi Rashi is one of the key functionalities to facilitate payment related to compensation for land acquisition to all the beneficiaries directly through the Bhoomi Rashi system.
  • PFMS is a web-based online software application developed and implemented by the Office of Controller General of Accounts (CGA). to facilitate sound public financial management system for Government of India (GoI).
  • Significance:
    • The portal has made the land acquisition process speedy, transparent, and error free.
    • It also made the possible real-time tracking of activities and generation of reports relating to land acquisition.

Recent news

 

Topic

  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

 NATIONAL GREEN TRIBUNAL

 News

  • NGT urged policymakers to deny MSP to stubble burners.

National Green Tribunal

  • The National Green Tribunal was established under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010 passed by the Central government.
  • The stated objective of the Central government was to provide a speedy disposal of cases pertaining to environmental protection, conservation of forests and for seeking compensation for damages caused to people or property due to the violation of environmental laws or condition specified while granting permissions.
  • Composition:
    • The Chairperson of NGT is a retired judge of the Supreme Court. Other judicial members are retired judges of High courts.
    • Other judicial members are retired judges of High courts. Each bench of the NGT will comprise of at least one Judicial Member and one Expert Member.
  • Principles of justice adopted by NGT:
    • The NGT is not bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but shall be guided by principles of natural justice.
    • Further, NGT is also not bound by the rules of evidence as enshrined in the Indian Evidence Act, 1872.
    • Thus, it will be relatively easier (as opposed to approaching a court) for conservation groups to present facts and issues before the NGT, including pointing out technical flaws in a project or proposing alternatives that could minimize environmental damage but which have not been considered.

Recent news

 

Topic

  • Internal security and related aspects.

 DHARMA GUARDIAN 2018

News

  • The Indian Army and Japanese Army today completed their joint military exercise, ‘DHARMA GUARDIAN’ – 2018.

Dharma Guardian 2018

  • To promote Military cooperation, India and Japan hold the first-ever joint military exercise ‘DHARMA GUARDIAN-2018’ involving the Indian Army and Japan Ground Self Defence Force at Counter Insurgency Warfare School.
  • The Indian contingent was represented by 6/1 GORKHA RIFLES while the Japanese contingent represented by 32 Infantry Regiment of the Japanese Ground Self Defence Force.
  • During the 14 day long exercise, due emphasis will be laid on increasing interoperability between forces from both countries.
  • Both sides will jointly train, plan and execute a series of well-developed tactical drills for neutralisation of likely threats that may be encountered in urban warfare scenario.
  • Experts from both sides hold detailed discussions to share their expertise on varied operational aspects.
  • Significance:
    • Exercise ‘DHARMA GUARDIAN-2018’ will be yet another step in deepening strategic ties including closer defence cooperation between the two countries.
    • It will contribute immensely in developing mutual understanding and respect for each other’s militaries and also facilitate tracking the worldwide phenomenon of terrorism.

Recent news

 

FACTS FOR PRELIMS

 INDIA INTERNATIONAL TRADE FAIR

About

  • The 38th edition of India International Trade Fair (IITF) 2018 was inaugurated.
  • The 2018 edition of IITF assumes special significance as it marks the beginning of the 150th birth anniversary celebrations of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • All States, government organizations and other stakeholders are making all efforts to realize the vision of the Central government ‘Sab ka Saath, Sab kaVikas’.
  • The Fair has registered foreign participation from Afghanistan, China, Hong Kong, Kyrgyzstan, Iran, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, South Africa, South Korea, Thailand, Turkey, Tunisia, Vietnam and UAE.

Recent news

 

YOUNG CHAMPIONS AWARD

About

  • NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) and UNICEF India, have come together this Children’s Day, to provide an open platform to young children of India, to contribute towards sustainable development.
  • The awards were presented to the top six most innovative solutions from across the country, which was shortlisted through the Atal Tinkering Marathon.
  • The objective was to encourage students to observe community problems and develop innovative solutions.

Recent news

 

SEA VIGIL EXERCISE

About

  • The Indian Navy is gearing up to hold Sea Vigil, a massive coastal security exercise.
  • It is covering the entire coastal mainland and the island territories for the first time, in January next year.
  • The Indian navy has spoken with States and all coastal security stakeholders to mobilise all the resources for this massive exercise which will test the security mechanism down to the wire so as to validate the existing apparatus and procedures.

 Recent news

 

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