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Current Affairs Quiz – 7

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1. Read the following statements related to Saint Ramanuja

I. He is famous as the chief proponent of Advaita subschool of Vedanta.
II. He is one of the most important exponents of the ‘Sri-Vaishnavism’ tradition within Hinduism.
III. His philosophy is similar to the Dvaita philosophy of Madhvacharya.
IV. His philosophical foundations for devotionalism were influential to the Bhakti movement.

Which among the above statements are not correct?

a. I, II & IV only
b. II & IV only
c. I & III only
d. I, II, III & IV


Answer : c
• Ramanujacharya is famous as the proponent of Vishishtadvaita.
Madhavachaya – is associated with Dvaita philosophy and Adi Shankara – with Advaita philosophy.
• Ramanuja’s philosophy of Vishishtadvaita competed with the philosophies of Dvaita and Advaita


2. NASA recently postponed the launch of James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) from 2018 to 2021. Identify the wrong statement from the following:

a. JWST is developed by NASA in collaboration with the European Space Agency.
b. It will help to understand the origins of the universe, evolution of our own Solar System, search for signs of life on faraway planets.
c. JWST will be positioned at the Earth–Sun L2 Lagrange Point.
d. It is optimized for observations using Infrared spectroscopy.


Answer : a
• JWST is an international collaboration among NASA, European Space Agency (ESA) and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA).


3. India is gifted with a pair of Aldabra tortoise by Seychelles. In light of that news, read the following statements.

I. Aldabra tortoises are listed as Critically Endangered by IUCN.
II. Aldabra tortoises are found only in Aldabra Atoll, in the Indian Ocean.
III. It is the first time that Seychelles is gifting Aldabra tortoises to a friendly country.
IV. Aldabra Atoll after which the tortoise is named, is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Identify the statements that is / are not correct.

a. I & II only
b. I, II & III only
c. I, II & IV only
d. IV only


Answer : b
• The main population of the Aldabra giant tortoise resides on the islands of the Aldabra Atoll in the Seychelles. Another isolated population of the species resides on the island of Changuu, near Zanzibar, and other captive populations exist in conservation parks in Mauritius and Rodrigues.
• It is listed as Vulnerable by IUCN.
• Aldabra is the world’s second-largest coral atoll.
• It is recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and also as a Ramsar wetland.
• In 2010, Seychelles had loaned two giant tortoise to Shanghai Zoo in China, while another pair was presented to Guangzhou Zoo in 2014.


4. Consider the following statements about “Pet Coke”

I. Sulphur content in pet coke is low compared to other fuels.
II. Pet coke is responsible for less CO2 emission in comparison to coal.
III. The use of Pet coke is completely banned in India
IV. It can be used for the creation of graphite electrodes in batteries.

Identify the statements that is / are correct

a. I, II & IV only
b. II & IV only
c. I, II, III & IV
d. II & III only


Answer : b
• Pet coke is used as a substitute for coal and has a higher heat content than coal but it has more sulphur content than coal.
• The ban on use of pet coke was relaxed, in December 2017, for cement manufacturing, lime industries and on furnace oil for power generation after the MoEFCC submitted that the use of petcoke in cement manufacturing plants was minuscule and it was used for non-fuel purposes.


5. Which of the following statements regarding HAL Tejas is correct.

I. It is the smallest and lightest multi-role supersonic fighter aircraft.
II. Tejas has been jointly developed by India and Israel as a part of LCA programme.

Choose the correct option:

a. I only
b. II only
c. Both I and II
d. None is correct.


Answer : a
• The HAL Tejas is an Indian indigenous single-seat, single-jet engine, multirole light fighter designed by the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force and Indian Navy.
• It came from the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) programme, which began in the 1980s to replace India’s ageing MiG-21 fighters.
• In 2003, the LCA was officially named “Tejas”


 

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