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Current Affairs Quiz – 3

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1. Which of the following statements is correct relating to ‘Methanol Economy’ which has been recently in news?

a. India is the first country to introduce the concept of Methanol Economy.
b. Methanol on combustion, releases particulate matter, soot and others
c. Diesel railway engines can work completely on methanol without blending it with diesel.
d. It is being introduced in India by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural gas


Answer: c
• The Concept of “Methanol Economy” is being actively pursued by China, Italy, Sweden, Israel, US, Australia, Japan and many other European countries.
NITI Aayog is introducing the concept in India, as a comprehensive plan to replace 20% of crude imports with Methanol.
• Methanol burns efficiently in all internal combustion engines, produces no particulate matter, no soot, almost nil Sulphurous and Nitrogenous emissions (NEAR ZERO POLLUTION).
• The gaseous version of Methanol – DME can be blended with LPG and can replace diesel in large vehicles.
• Field trials are underway for India to adopt M15 program in transportation sector. M15 means – blending 15 percent methanol with petrol.
• Diesel railway engines can work on 100% Methanol and make railways a carbon neutral organisation.
• Further reading: https://goo.gl/JzRBiE


2. Identify the organisation that is not a part of the ‘World Bank Group’.

a. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
b. Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
c. International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
d. International Bank of Commerce


Answer: d
• World Bank Group is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries. –
1) International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
2) International Development Association (IDA)
3) International Finance Corporation (IFC)
4) Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)
5) International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID).
• The first two are collectively referred to as the World Bank.
• World Bank is one of five institutions that emerged out of Bretton Woods Conference in 1944. World Bank is part of the United Nations system, but its governance structure is different. World Bank’s headquarters is at Washington DC.
• India is a member of other four groups, except ICSID. India is one of the founder members of IBRD, IDA and IFC.
• International Bank of Commerce is one of the largest banks in USA, based in Texas. It has no relation with the World Bank Group


3. Read the following statements regarding ‘Genetically-Modified (GM) crops’.

i. Ministry of Agriculture is responsible for granting permission for environment release and cultivation of GM crops.
ii. The only GM crop permitted for cultivation in the country by the Central Government is Bt cotton.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. i only
b. ii only
c. Both i and ii
d. Neither i nor ii


Answer : d
• Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change [MoEFCC] is responsible for the consideration for environmental release and cultivation of GM crops after being recommended by the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee [GEAC].
• So far, only GM Mustard and Bt Brinjal have been recommended by GEAC to MoEFCC, but haven’t yet received permission for the commercial release of Bt Brinjal
DMH 11 (Dhara Mustard Hybrid) is a version of GM Mustard that was recently given nod for commercial cultivation in India.


4. Read the following statements relating to ‘Nilgiri Tahr’.

i. Nilgiri Tahr is listed as Critically Endangered in IUCN Red Data Book.
ii. It is endemic to Western Ghats and is found in the hills of Tamil Nadu and Kerala only.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. i only
b. ii only
c. Both i and ii
d. Neither i nor ii


Answer: b
• IUCN has listed them as Endangered (EN) species.
• The Nilgiri Tahr is fully protected (Schedule I) by the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972.
• Largest population of Nilgiri Tahr is found within the Eravikulam National Park in Munnar, Kerala.
• It is also known as Nilgiri ibex.
• Scientific name: Nilgiritragus hylocrius.


5. Strobilanthus Kunthianus which is hitting the news lately is the scientific name of:

a. Kurinji flowers
b. Kariba weed
c. Amazon sail-fin sucker-mouth catfish
d. Water Hyacinth


Answer: a
Salvinia molesta, commonly known as giant salvinia, or as kariba weed is an alien invasive species creating serious ecological concerns in water bodies of India. Known as ‘African payal’ in Kerala.
Amazon sail-fin sucker-mouth catfish or commonly known as Sucker fish (used as an ornamental fish in aquariums) is another alien invasive species of fish creating pressures in aquatic ecosystems of South India especially Kerala.
Water hyacinth is one of the most threatening invasive species in Indian water bodies.


 

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