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Current Affairs Quiz , 18 Oct 2018

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1) Which of the following statement/(s) relating to Zika is/are correct?

I) Zika is a flavivirus that belongs to the same genus as dengue and chikungunya
II) Patients might develop Guillain-Barre syndrome, which causes potentially fatal muscle weakness.

Choose the correct code.

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2


Answer: c
o Zika, a flavivirus spread mainly by mosquitoes, belongs to the same genus as dengue and chikungunya.
o In Rajasthan, where 72 have been infected, Zika is causing fever, rash, muscle and joint pain.
o But the French Polynesian and Brazilian outbreaks were linked to deadlier conditions such as microcephaly, in which the child of a Zika-infected mother is born with an abnormally small head.
o In rare cases, patients also developed Guillain-Barre syndrome, which causes potentially fatal muscle weakness.
o Indian officials are watching out for these complications since the Rajasthan strain is closely related to the Brazilian strain.


2) Rural Survey was recently conducted by Rural Development Ministry for gap analysis of about 3.5 lakh villages. Consider the following statements

I) Kuligod in Karnataka’s Belagavi district emerged as the country’s best-developed village.
II) More than a third of the gram panchayats ranked in the top 10 are in Karnataka

Identify the correct statements using the codes below.

a) Only I
b) Only 2
c) Both 1 & 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2


Answer: a
o The Rural Development Ministry has done a gap analysis of more than 3.5 lakh villages, in more than 1.6 lakh panchayats under the Mission Antyodaya convergence scheme.
o A team of officials surveyed and scored village level facilities and amenities using parameters related to infrastructure, economic development and livelihood, irrigation facilities, health, nutrition and sanitation, women’s empowerment, and financial inclusion.
o Kuligod in Karnataka’s Belagavi district is the country’s best-developed village.
o But more than a third of the gram panchayats ranked in the top 10 are in Andhra Pradesh, according to the findings of an ongoing Rural Development Ministry survey.
o With multiple panchayats assigned the same score and thus tied at the same ranking, there are 97 panchayats in the top 10 ranks. Of these, 37 panchayats are in Andhra Pradesh while 24 are in Tamil Nadu.
o Of the States going to the polls next month, Telangana and Madhya Pradesh have five and four panchayats in the top 10 ranks respectively.


3) The annual joint Army exercise ‘Hand-in-Hand’ is conducted between India and which among the following countries?

a) Mongolia
b) Myanmar
c) Bangladesh
d) China


Answer: d
o India and China will resume the annual joint Army exercise ‘Hand-in-Hand’ in December in China’s Chengdu region.
o The drill was cancelled last year due to tense relations in the aftermath of the Doklam standoff.
o The scope of the exercise is to understand transnational terrorism and evolve joint drills for the conduct of counter-terrorism operations, in addition to Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief operations.
o In three phases:
• Familiarisation.
• Basic training.
• Joint exercise.


4) Consider the following statements regarding Operation Olivia

I. It was launched by the Indian Navy aimed at saving the endangered olive ridley turtles
II. The rescue efforts have been launched as part of an annual mission at the three major nesting sites of the turtles in Odisha

Choose the incorrect code

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both 1 & 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2


Answer: a
o The operation Olivia was launched by Indian Coast Guard.
o Mission was aimed to save the endangered olive ridley turtles.
o This is an effort to ensure olive ridley turtles’ breeding and to cut off intruding fishing vessels.
o These rescue efforts have been launched as part of an annual mission at the three major nesting sites of the turtles Gahiramatha Marine Sanctuary, Devi river mouth, and Rushikulya beach.
o The Indian Coast Guard has joined hands with the forest department to keep a round-the-clock tab on illegal fishing and trespassing along the areas where turtles are found in high concentration and to keep the turtle conservation operation going.
o This patrol is expected to go on till the turtles’ nesting period is over.


5) The Global Competitiveness Report 2018 was released by

a) World Bank
b) World Economic Forum
c) OECD
d) UNDP


Answer: b
o World Economic Forum (WEF) has released the Global Competitiveness Report 2018.
o India was ranked as the 58th most competitive economy with a score of 62.0 on the Global Competitiveness Index 2018.
o India jumped five spots from 2017, the largest gain among G20 economies.
o India ranked highest among South Asian countries. Sri Lanka was ranked 86th, Bangladesh 103rd, Pakistan 107th and Nepal 109th.
o As per the report, India leads the region in all other areas of competitiveness except for health, education and skills.
o As per the report, India’s greatest competitive advantages include its market size and innovation.


 

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