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Current Affairs Quiz , 14 Nov 2018

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1) Consider the following statements about cyclones

I) The cyclonic wind movements are anti-clockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern hemisphere
II) The “eye” of the cyclone has comparatively light winds and fair weather
III) In Philippines islands, eastern China and Japan, they are called typhoons.

Choose the correct option from below

a) I & II
b) II & III
c) I & III
d) I, II & III


Answer: d
• Cyclonic storm ‘GAJA’ to intensify into a severe cyclonic storm in next 12 hours.
• The Cyclonic storm ‘GAJA’ over Southwest and adjoining southeast & west central Bay of Bengal moved west-south-westwards with a speed of 10 kmph during past 06 hours.
• It is very likely to move west-south-westwards and intensify further into a Severe Cyclonic Storm during next 12 hours.
• Areas likely to be affected: Tamil Nadu & Puducherry, South Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Kerala.
Tradition of naming Cyclones:
o Cyclones were usually not named. The tradition started with hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean, where tropical storms that reach sustained wind speeds of 39 miles per hour were given names.
o If the storm’s wind speed reaches or crosses 74 mph, it is then classified into a hurricane/cyclone/typhoon.
o Tropical storms are given names and they retain the name if they develop into a cyclone/hurricane/typhoon.
• Nomenclature of tropical cyclones:
o The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) started the tropical cyclone naming system in 2000.
o Tropical cyclones are named to provide ease of communication between forecasters and the general public regarding forecasts, watches, and warnings.
o The Cyclones worldwide are named by 9 regions :
• North Atlantic, Eastern North Pacific, Central North Pacific, Western North Pacific, North Indian Ocean, South West Indian Ocean, Australian, Southern Pacific, South Atlantic.
o Cyclones in the North Indian Ocean basin are named by the Indian Meteorological Department and the first tropical cyclone was named in 2004 as Onil (given by Bangladesh).
o Eight north Indian Ocean countries: Bangladesh, India, the Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand, gave eight names each which was combined into a list of 64 names.
o One name from each country is picked in an order to name the cyclones.


2) Consider the following statements about MAA programme (Mothers absolute affection programme)

I) It is a nationwide programme for promoting breastfeeding launched by Ministry of Women and Child Development
II) It will be monitored by WHO and Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child, and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) as lead development partners.

Select the correct code from below

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & II
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: d
MAA programme (Mothers absolute affection programme):
• Mothers absolute affection is a nationwide programme for promoting breastfeeding was launched by Ministry of Health and family welfare.
• It is an intensified programme of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, for creating an enabling environment to ensure that others, husbands and families receive adequate information and support for promotion of breastfeeding.
• The goal of the MAA Programme is to enhance optimal breastfeeding practices, which includes early initiation of breastfeeding within one hour of birth, exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months, and continued breastfeeding for at least two years, along with feeding of safe and appropriate nutritious food on completion of six months.
• Key components:
o Communication for enhanced awareness and demand generation through mass media and mid media.
o Training and capacity enhancement of nurses at government institutions, and all ANMs and ASHAs.
o Community engagement by ASHAs for breastfeeding promotion, who will conduct mothers’ meetings.
o Monitoring and impact assessment is an integral part of MAA programme. Progress will be measured against key indicators.
o Dedicated funds have been allocated to States/Union Territories (UTs) for the Programme.
o The MAA programme will be monitored by UNICEF and Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child, and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) lead development partners.


3) Consider the following statements

I) The National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) has launched ‘Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme’
II) NCDC is a statutory organisation functioning as an apex financial and developmental institution under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry

Choose the correct answer from below

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & II
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: a
• National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) has come up with a youth-friendly scheme ‘Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme.
• To cater to the needs and aspirations of the youth, the National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) has come up with a youth-friendly scheme.
• The ‘Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme” is intended for attracting them to cooperative business ventures.
• The scheme will be linked to Rs 1000 crore ‘Cooperative Start-up and Innovation Fund (CSIF)’ created by the NCDC.
• It would have more incentives for cooperatives of North Eastern region, Aspirational Districts and cooperatives with women or SC or ST or PwD members.
• The funding for the project will be up to 80% of the project cost for these special categories as against 70% for others.
• The scheme envisages 2% less than the applicable rate of interest on term loan for the project cost up to Rs 3 crore including 2 years moratorium on payment of principal.
• All types of cooperatives in operation for at least one year are eligible.

National Cooperative Development Cooperation:
• The National Cooperative Development Cooperation is the sole statutory organisation functioning as an apex financial and developmental institution exclusively devoted to cooperate sector under the Ministry of Agriculture
• It supports cooperatives in diverse fields apart from the agriculture and allied sectors.
• It is an ISO 9001: 2015 compliant organisation and has a distinctive edge of competitive financing.


4) Consider the following statements about the recently launched Bhoomi Rashi Portal

I) It was developed by the Ministry of Earth Sciences & National Informatics Center
II) It is mandated to provide the nation with best possible services in forecasting the monsoons and other weather/climate parameters

Choose the correct statements from below

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & II
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: d
• Bhoomi Rashi, the portal developed by MoRTH and NIC, comprises the entire revenue data of the country, right down to 6.4 lakh villages.
• The entire process flow, from submission of draft notification by the State Government to its approval by the. Minister of State for RT&H and publication in e-Gazette, is online.
• The portal, created for expediting the process of publication of notifications for LA, is now being fully utilized for issuing the notifications, and more than 900 notifications have been issued using the portal so far.
• Bhoomi Rashi portal has been instrumental in reducing the time taken for approval and publication of notifications pertaining to land acquisition.
• Integration of Public Financial Management System (PFMS) with Bhoomi Rashi is one of the key functionalities to facilitate payment related to compensation for land acquisition to all the beneficiaries directly through the Bhoomi Rashi system.
• PFMS is a web-based online software application developed and implemented by the Office of Controller General of Accounts (CGA). to facilitate sound public financial management system for Government of India (GoI).
• Significance:
o The portal has made the land acquisition process speedy, transparent, and error free.
o It also made the possible real time tracking of activities and generation of reports relating to land acquisition.


5) Consider the following statements regarding Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP) for higher education faculty

I) It is a three-week flagship leadership development training for second level academic functionaries in both public and private funded institutions
II) The implementation of LEAP Programme will be through 15 NIRF top ranked Indian Institutions

Choose the correct option from below

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & II
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: b
• Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP) is a three weeks Flagship leadership development training programme (2 weeks domestic and one week foreign training) for second level academic functionaries in public funded higher education institutions
• The main objective is to prepare second tier academic heads who are potentially likely to assume leadership roles in the future.
• The programme would provide senior faculty, with high academic credentials, the required leadership and managerial skills including skills of problem-solving, handling stress, team building work, conflict management, developing communication skills, understanding and coping with the complexity and challenges of governance in HEIs, financial & general administration.
• The implementation of LEAP Programme will be through 15 NIRF top ranked Indian Institutions namely.


 

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