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Current Affairs Quiz , 13 Sept 2018

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1. Consider the following statements relating to the Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA).

I. PM-AASHA is a scheme aiming at ensuring remunerative prices to farmers.
II. It is an umbrella scheme that covers several sub-schemes including Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana.

Choose the statements that are correct.

a. I only
b. II only
c. Both I and II
d. Neither I nor II


Answer: a
• The Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA) is aimed at ensuring remunerative prices to the farmers for their produce. It will also allow private players to procure crop produce at remunerative prices.
• The PM-AASHA comprises three sub-schemes – Price Support Scheme, Price Deficiency Payment Scheme ( Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana) and Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme (PPSS).
• The selected private agency shall procure the commodity at MSP in the notified markets during the notified period from the registered farmers in consonance with the PPSS.
• Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (Traditional Farming Improvement Programme) is a scheme to to promote organic farming.


2. Consider the following statements with respect to the recently released ‘India State-level Disease Burden Initiative’.

I. It is released by the Department of Health Research, under the Health ministry.
II. Kerala was identified as having the highest burden of heart disease.
III. Punjab was ranked top for the burden of cancer.

Identify the incorrect statements using the codes below.

a. I and II only
b. I and III only
c. II and III only
d. I, II and III


Answer: d
• The India State-level Disease Burden Initiative was launched in October 2015 to address this crucial knowledge gap with support from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of the Government of India.
• This is a collaborative effort between the Indian Council of Medical Research, Public Health Foundation of India, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, and experts and stakeholders from about 100 institutions across India.
• Key findings are as follows:
• Indians have registered a 50% increase in the prevalence of ischemic heart disease and stroke over the period from 1990 to 2016.
• The number of diabetes cases climbing from 26 million to 65 million.
• Being overweight was found to be a major risk factor for diabetes doubled in every State of India from 1990 to 2016. In the same period, cases of chronic obstructive lung disease also went up.
• Punjab has been ranked at the top for the burden of ischemic heart disease and diabetes, followed by Tamil Nadu.
• West Bengal topped with the largest number of stroke cases followed by Odisha.
• Kerala was ranked at the top for the burden of cancer, followed by Assam.


3. The report – ‘State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World’ is released by which of the following organizations?

I. World Health Organization
II. International Fund for Agricultural Development
III. Food and Agriculture Organization
IV. World Food Programme
V. United Nations Children’s Fund

Choose the correct code:

a. I and III only
b. I, III and IV only
c. I, II, III and IV only
d. I, II, III, IV and V


Answer: d
• The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) is an annual flagship report jointly prepared by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO)
• Its objective is to inform on progress towards ending hunger, achieving food security and improving nutrition and to provide in-depth analysis on key challenges for achieving this goal in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
• Key findings are as follows:
• Global hunger reached ‘alarming’ ten-year high in 2017 mainly due to conflicts and climate change. One in every nine people does not have enough to eat.
• The report emphasizes that climate variability and extremes are already undermining food production in some regions.
• If action to mitigate disaster risk reduction and preparedness is not taken, the situation will only get worse.


4. Which of the following organisation releases the ‘Exporting Corruption’ report?

a. All India Anti-Corruption, Crime Prevention, Human Rights Committee
b. International Monetary Fund
c. Transparency International
d. Anti-Corruption Council of India


Answer: c
• Transparency International has released the 2018 edition of its Exporting Corruption report, rating countries based on their enforcement against foreign bribery under the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention.
• Transparency International is an international non-governmental organization. Founded in 1993, it is headquartered in Berlin, Germany.
• Its aim is to take action to combat global corruption and prevent criminal activities arising from corruption. It publishes, the Global Corruption Barometer and the Corruption Perceptions Index.
• Key findings:
• India is among four countries with “no or little enforcement” mechanism to check foreign bribery.
China, Hong Kong, India and Singapore, all with 2 percent or more of world exports are not parties to the OECD (Anti-Bribery) Convention.


5. ‘VC11184’ is the designation of India’s first missile tacking ship of Indian Navy, which was built by which among the following ship building centre?

a. Cochin Shipyard, Kochi.
b. Hindustan Shipyard, Vizag.
c. Mazagon Dock, Mumbai.
d. Goa Shipyard, Goa.


Answer: b
• VC11184 is the designation of a missile tracking ocean surveillance ship.
• It is constructed by Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL), Visakhapatnam (aka Vizag) for the Indian Navy.
• The purpose of the ship is to support the development of India’s strategic weapons and the Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme.
• Hindustan Shipyard Limited is a shipyard located in Visakhapatnam on the east coast of India. It is a Govt. of India Undertaking administered by the Ministry of Defence.


 

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