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Current Affairs Quiz , 13 Nov 2018

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1) Consider the following statements about the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

I) It is a proposed free trade agreement between member states of ASEAN and five Asia Pacific states including India
II) It is the world’s largest economic bloc, covering nearly half of the global economy

Identify the correct code from below

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & II
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: b
• The Union Minister for Commerce & Industry and Civil Aviation, led the Indian delegation to the 7th RCEP Inter-Sessional Ministerial Meeting in Singapore.
• Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership is a proposed free trade agreement between ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam)and six Asia Pacific states with each ASEAN has existing free trade agreements (Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand).
• RCEP is viewed as an alternative to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), a proposed trade agreement which includes several Asian and American nations but excludes China and India.
• RCEP is the world’s largest economic bloc, covering nearly half of the global economy.
• RCEP’s share of the global economy could account for half of the estimated $0.5 quadrillion global GDP (PPP) by 2050.
• India’s concerns:
• First is the greater access Chinese goods will have to the Indian market, a problem given India’s massive trade deficit.
• Demands by other RCEP countries for lower customs duties on a number of products and greater access to the market than India has been willing to provide.
• The more developed RCEP countries such as Australia and Singapore have been unwilling to accommodate India’s demands to liberalise their services regime and allow freer mobility of Indian workers.


2) Consider the following statements about the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory

I) The project is an initiative of NASA
II) LIGO operates two gravitational wave observatories, both in the United States, with the aim of detecting gravitational waves by laser interferometry.

Identify the correct option from below

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & II
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: b
Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory:
• The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is a large-scale physics experiment and observatory.
• It is aimed to detect cosmic gravitational waves and to develop gravitational-wave observations as an astronomical tool.
• Two large observatories were built in the United States with the aim of detecting gravitational waves by laser interferometry.
• These can detect a change in the 4 km mirror spacing of less than a ten-thousandth the charge diameter of a proton, equivalent to measuring the distance from Earth to Proxima Centauri (4.0208×1013 km)[2] with an accuracy smaller than the width of a human hair.
• LIGO is the largest and most ambitious project ever funded by the NSF (National Science Foundation).


3) Consider the following statements about the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium

I) It was conceived by the Indian Navy in 2008
II) It is a voluntary initiative among the navies and maritime security agencies of the member nations
III) Netherlands and Spain have acquired observer status to IONS

Identify the correct option from below

a) Only II
b) Only I & II
c) Only II & III
d) I, II & III


Answer: d
• The 10th anniversary celebrations of the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS) commenced.
• The ‘Indian Ocean Naval Symposium’ (IONS) is a voluntary initiative that seeks to increase maritime co-operation among navies of the littoral states of the Indian Ocean Region.
• It provides an open and inclusive forum for discussion of regionally relevant maritime issues.
• In the process, it endeavours to generate a flow of information between naval professionals that would lead to common understanding and possibly cooperative solutions on the way ahead.
• The forum helps to preserve peaceful relations between nations, and thus is critical to building an effective maritime security architecture in the Indian Ocean Region and is also fundamental to our collective prosperity.
• There are 36 littoral in the Indian Ocean which have been geographically grouped.


4) INDRA, 2018 is a joint military exercise between India and which of the following countries?

a) Australia
b) U.S
c) Indonesia
d) Russia


Answer: d
• The joint military exercise between Indian and Russia EXERCISE INDRA 2018 on combating insurgency under the aegis of United Nations (UN) is being conducted at Babina Field Firing Ranges.
• The aim of the exercise is to practice joint planning and conduct to enhance interoperability of the two Armies in the peace keeping/ enforcement environment under the aegis of the UN.
• It focuses upon training on enhancing team building, special tactical level operations such as Cordon and Search, house intervention, handling and neutralisation of Improvised Explosive Devices and integrated employment of force multipliers.
• The primary focus of the tactical field exercise is to share best practices amongst the militaries and hone existing skills of the troops in the backdrop of interoperability between the two Armies in the peace keeping/ enforcement environment.
• The topics chosen for the exercise are both live and contemporary affecting both the nation alike.
• The tenth exercise in the series of Exercise INDRA is aimed at sending a strong message to the world with intent of appreciation of interoperability between Indian and Russian Armies for joint tactical level operations.


5) Consider the following statements regarding Sangai

I) It is an endemic subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in north-eastern states
II) It’s has been classified as Critically Endangered by IUCN

Choose the correct codes from below

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & II
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: d
• The sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. It is also the state animal of Manipur. Its common English name is Manipur brow-antlered deer or Eld’s deer and the scientific name is , Rucervus eldii eldii.
• There are less than 260 deer in its natural habitat, the 40 sq. km. Keibul Lamjao national park.
• The brow-antlered deer or the dancing deer is found in its natural habitat only at Keibul Lamjao National Park over the floating biomass locally called “phumdi” in the south eastern part of Loktak Lake.
• Phumdi is the most important and unique part of the habitat. It is the floating mass of entangled vegetation formed by the accumulation of organic debris and biomass with soil. Its thickness varies from few centimeter to two meters. The humus of phumdi is black in colour and very spongy with large number of pores. It floats with 4/5 part under water.
• IUCN status: Endangered


 

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