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Current Affairs Quiz , 06 Nov 2018

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1) Consider the following statements about National Sample Survey Organisation

I) It comes under the aegis of the Ministry of Labour and Employment
II) It conducts the Annual Survey of Industries and provides statistical information to assess and evaluate the changes in the growth

Choose the correct option from the codes below

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & II
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: d
• The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) labour force survey reports that the economic condition of Muslims does not show despite India being the fastest-growing large economy. any signs of improvement
• An analysis of the data on economic and educational indicators for various religious groups reveals that Muslims are facing a vicious circle of poverty.
• The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), formerly called the National Sample Survey Organisation is the largest organisation in India conducting periodic socio-economic surveys.
• It is under the Ministry of Statistics of the Indian government.
• Set up in 1950, the employees of the NSSO are from the Indian Statistical Service (appointed through the UPSC) and the Subordinate Statistical Service (appointed through the Staff Selection Commission).
• The NSSO conducts large-scale sample surveys throughout India. It is headed by a Director General.
• The four divisions of the NSSO are:
• Survey Design and Research Division – responsible for technical planning of surveys, formulation of concepts and definitions, sampling design, designing of inquiry schedules, drawing up of tabulation plan, analysis and presentation of survey results. HQ in Kolkata.
• Field Operations Division – responsible for the collection of primary data for the surveys undertaken by NSSO. HQ in Delhi/Faridabad.
• Data Processing Division – responsible for sample selection, software development, processing, validation and tabulation of the data collected through surveys. HQ in Kolkata.
• Co-ordination & Publication Division – Coordinates all the various departments and divisions in the NSSO; also publishes its annual journal. Located in Delhi.


2) Which one of the following list of countries is not a part of Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action?

a) Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Iraq
b) China, Russia, Germany
c) European Union, United Kingdom, China
d) U.S, Germany, France


Answer: a
• The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) known commonly as the Iran deal, is an international agreement on the nuclear program of Iran reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015 between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germany), and the European Union.
• India is one of eight countries to receive temporary exemptions from U.S. sanctions on Iran.
U.S have decided to issue temporary allotments to a handful of countries, responsible to the specific circumstances and to ensure a well-supplied oil market.
• The U.S. will be granting these exemptions to China, India, Italy, Greece, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and Turkey.
• Each country on the list had demonstrated “significant reductions “ of the purchase of Iranian crude over the past six months.
• China and India, in that order, are the top two importers of Iranian oil.
• India’s oil imports from Iran:
• In the last fiscal year, India, which imports over 80% of its oil, sourced some 10% of its oil imports, or just over 22 million tons from Iran.
• The Indian Oil Corporation is the biggest Indian customer for Iranian oil.
• The European Union, which has stayed in the deal, has been frustrated by the America’s efforts to stifle European business’s activities with Iran.
U.S sanctions on Iran and its impacts on India:
U.S has issued sanctions on Iran and urged international communities to ease further ties with Iran.
• Such sanctions have caused serious implications to oil deficit countries like India, where majority of oil imports are from Iran due to its cheaper price tags.
Impact on India:
• Constraining Indo Iran ties.
• India’s connectivity ambitions go through Iran.
• India doesn’t want to cede strategic space to China, which might happen.


3) Consider the following statements about the International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

I) It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technology.
II) India has recently been elected into the ITU Council for 2019-‘22

Identify the correct option from below

a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both 1 & 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2


Answer: c
• India has been elected as a Member of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Council for another 4-year term (2019-2022.
• The elections to the Council were held during the ongoing ITU Plenipotentiary Conference 2018 at Dubai, UAE.
• By securing 165 votes, India ranked third among the 13 countries elected to the Council from the Asia-Australasia region, and eighth among the 48 countries elected to the Council globally.
• The ITU has 193memberstates who elect representatives to the Council.
• Significance:
o India has been an active member of the ITU since 1869, earnestly supporting the development and propagation of telecom in the global community of nation.
o The country has been a regular member of the ITU Council since 1952, and has played an important role in harmonizing the contributions of member States from the region, always respecting the principles of equality and consensus-building.
International Telecommunication Union:
• The International Telecommunication Union originally the International Telegraph Union is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technology.
• promotes international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, works to ITU coordinates that shared global use of the radio spectrum improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world.
• ITU is active in areas such as
o Broadband internet.
o Latest generation wireless technology.
o Aeronautical and maritime navigation.
o Radio astronomy.
o Satellite based meteorology.


4) Consider the following statements about Montreal Protocol

I) It is a global agreement to phase out the production and consumption of persistent organic pollutants
II) Parties to the Montreal Protocol later adopted the Kigali amendment to phase out production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) worldwide.

Identify the correct option from below

a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both 1 & 2
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: b
• Latest reports from the U.N sources claims that ozone hole is recovering.
• The ozone layer that shields life from cancer causing solar rays is recovering at a rate of one to three percent per decade, reversing dangerous depletion caused by the release of harmful chemicals.
• The four yearly review of the Montreal protocol, a 1987 ban on man-made gases that damage the fragile high-altitude ozone layer, found long term decreases in the atmospheric abundance of controlled ozone depleting substances and the ongoing recovery of stratospheric ozone.
• UN had already hailed the success of the Protocol, which banned for phased out ozone depleting chemicals, including Chlorofluro carbons once used in refrigerators and spray cans.
• However while most of the banned gases have been phased out, the report found an unexpected increase in production and emissions of CFC-11 from eastern Asia since 2012.
Montreal Protocol:
• The Montreal Protocol, finalized in 1987, is a global agreement to protect the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances (ODS).
• The stratospheric ozone layer filters out harmful ultraviolet radiation, which is associated with an increased prevalence of skin cancer and cataracts, reduced agricultural productivity, and disruption of marine ecosystems.
• The United States ratified the Montreal Protocol in 1988 and has joined four subsequent amendments.
• The United States has been a leader within the Protocol throughout its existence, and has taken strong domestic action to phase out the production and consumption of ODS such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons.
• The Montreal Protocol has proven to be innovative and successful, and is the first treaty to achieve universal ratification by all countries in the world.
• Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol:
o On October 15, 2016, Parties to the Montreal Protocol adopted the Kigali amendment to phase down production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) worldwide.
o HFCs are widely used alternatives to ozone depleting substances such as hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), already controlled under the Protocol.
o It calls on all countries to gradually phase down their production and consumption of HFCs in the coming decades using the flexible, innovative, and effective approaches the Montreal Protocol has used for three decades.


5) Consider the following statements

I) Chaulukya ruler Karna of Anhilwara had waged a war against the Bhil king of Ashaval and established a city called Karnavati on the banks of the Sabarmati river.
II) Sultan Ahmed Shah in 1411 A.D. had laid the foundation of a new walled city near Karnavati and named it Ahmedabad

Choose the correct option from below

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & II
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: c
• The area around Ahmedabad has been inhabited since the 11th century, when it was known as Ashaval.
• At that time, Karna, the Chaulukya ruler of Anhilwara (modern Patan), waged a successful war against the Bhil king of Ashaval, and established a city called Karnavati on the banks of the Sabarmati.
• This area finally came under the control of Sultan Ahmed Shah in 1411 A.D. who while at the banks of Sabarmati liked the forested area for a new capital city and laid the foundation of a new walled city near Karnavati and named it Ahmedabad after the four saints in the area by the name Ahmed
• Over time, the city established itself as the home of a developing textile industry, which earned it the nickname “Manchester of the East”.


 

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