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Current Affairs Quiz , 05 Nov 2018

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1) Consider the following statements about Nuclear Suppliers Group

I) NSG is a formal organization, and its guidelines are binding
II) It was formed in 1970 with the objective to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology

Identify the correct options from below

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & II
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: b
• China backed Pakistan for trying to resolve “outstanding issues” with India through dialogue, and appeared to support Islamabad on two other key topics — the expansion of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and counterterrorism.
Nuclear Suppliers Group:
• The Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) is a group of nuclear supplier countries that seeks to contribute to the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons through the implementation of two sets of Guidelines for nuclear exports and nuclear-related exports.
• It is not a formal organization, and its guidelines are not binding. Decisions, including on membership, are made by consensus
• The NSG Guidelines also contain the so-called “Non-Proliferation Principle,” adopted in 1994.
• The 48 members of the NSG include the five nuclear weapon states, US, UK, France, China and Russia.
• The other 43 are signatories to the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
• India is not a signatory to the NPT which it calls discriminatory.


2) Consider the following statements

I) India’s nuclear triad includes land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), strategic bombers, and submarine-launched ballistic missiles
II) INS Arihant, India’s first indigenously built strategic nuclear submarine, has been inducted to the triad

Choose the correct codes from below

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & II
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: c
• INS Arihant has been inducted it in completion of Nuclear Triad.
• A nuclear triad is a three-pronged military force structure that consists of land-launched nuclear missiles, nuclear-missile-armed submarines and strategic aircraft with nuclear bombs and missiles.
• Specifically, these components are land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), strategic bombers, and submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs).
• The purpose of having this three-branched nuclear capability is to significantly reduce the possibility that an enemy could destroy all of a nation’s nuclear forces in a first-strike attack.
• This, in turn, ensures a credible threat of a second strike, and thus increases a nation’s nuclear deterrence.
• The main theory of creating the nuclear triad was to spread the assortment of weapons across various platforms, making military forces more likely to survive an attack and able to respond to a first strike successfully.
• The military strategy of distributing weapons over the three platforms developed as an answer to countries’ concerns when surviving a nuclear strike.
• This would ensure that nuclear forces could survive a first strike and be deployed in a retaliatory strike, resulting in “mutual assured destruction.


3) Consider the following statements about Operation Green announced in budget 2018-‘19

I) The scheme will focus only on three produce tomatoes, onions, and potatoes
II) With an outlay of Rs.5000 crores, it aims to promote Farmer Producers Organizations, agri-logistics, processing facilities and professional management.

Identify the correct codes from below

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & II
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: a
• Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) under Union Minister Smt Harsimrat Kaur Badal has approved the operationalisation strategy for Operation Greens today.
• In the budget speech of 2018-19, a new Scheme “Operation Greens” was announced on the line of “Operation Flood”.
• With an outlay of Rs.500 crores to promote Farmer Producers Organizations, agri-logistics, processing facilities and professional management.
• Operation Greens aims to promote farmer producers organisations, agri-logistics, processing facilities and professional management.
• The operation aims to aid farmers and help control and limit the erratic fluctuations in the prices of onions, potatoes and tomatoes.
• The idea behind Operation Greens is to double the income of farmers by the end of 2022.
• Operation is essentially a price fixation scheme that aims to ensure farmers are given the right price for their produce.
• Operation Greens will work to increase demand in the economy as well with its demand forecasting model.
• Major objectives:
o Enhancing value realisation of TOP farmers by targeted interventions to strengthen TOP production clusters and their FPOs, and linking/connecting them with the market.
o Price stabilisation for producers and consumers by proper production planning in the TOP clusters and introduction of dual use varieties.


4) Consider the following statements about GSAT 11

I) GSAT-11 is planned to be launched from Sriharikota
II) GSAT-11 will provide much faster uplinks for a host of communications and broadcasting services, including direct-to-home (DTH television)

Identify the correct option from below

a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Both I & II
d) Neither I nor II


Answer: b
• GSAT-11, the heaviest Indian communication satellite built to date, for faster Internet connectivity.
• The 5,700-kg GSAT-11 satellite was initially slated for launch on 26 May from Kourou, a site in South America which India uses to launch its heavy-weight satellites.
• In a major setback to ISRO, the space agency lost contact with its GSAT-6A satellite after it was launched in March 2018.
• Although ISRO had been trying to establish contact with GSAT-6A, a satellite meant for military communication, it has found little success.
• GSAT-11 will be launched from the European spaceport in French Guiana as ISRO’s own Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III) rocket can only lift a satellite weighing not more than four tonnes to Geostationary transfer orbit.


5) Arrange the following middle-eastern capital cities from north to south.

I) Damascus
II) Sana’a
III) Doha
IV) Kuwait City

Choose the correct option from below

a) I-III-IV-II
b) I-IV-III-II
c) IV-III-II-I
d) I-II-III-IV


Answer: b
• Damascus is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is also the country’s largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city. It is colloquially known in Syria as ash-Sham and titled the City of Jasmine
• Sana’a, also spelled Sanaa or Sana, is the capital city of Yemen and the centre of Sana’a Governorate. Sana’a is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The Old City of Sana’a, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, has a distinctive architectural character, most notably expressed in its multi-storey buildings decorated with geometric patterns.
• Kuwait City is the capital of the Arabian Gulf nation of Kuwait. At its heart sits the Grand Mosque, known for its vast interior and chandeliered dome. On the waterfront, the late-19th-century Seif Palace features a neo-Arabic watchtower and manicured gardens
• Doha, capital of the peninsular Arabian Gulf country Qatar, is a modern city on Doha Bay. Ringing its downtown waterfront are numerous parks and the Corniche Promenade. On a man-made island, the I.M. Pei–designed Museum of Islamic Art houses an extensive collection from across the Muslim world.


 

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